Introduction to the DB (Database)This project’s aim was to create a digital map that will serve as a visual reference for the route of cultural exchange between Korea and China according to medium (painting, ceramics, Buddhist art, crafts, etc.) and region. Painting First, the painting section consisted of 11 stories and 12 roots of the exchange of Korean and Chinese paintings. Second, the holding institution and the actual location of major collections in Korea-China took a photograph and studied. Third, total 1,385 DB were deployed, including paintings and actual scenery materials from Korea to China related to cultural exchange between Korea-China based on the provision of such information. Ceramics It follows that the research objectives for the category of ‘ceramics’ can be stated as follows. First, the history of ceramic exchange between Korea and China and other relevant content has been organized into 11 stories and 14 routes that general public can easily understand. Second, after a site study of both Korea and China, lists of excavated historic sites and artifacts were compiled in addition to an examination of other relevant materials. Third, 1,792 database materials and coding work were completed by investigating the collection of major museums in China and Korea and dividing it by the time of production, the location, and the shapes·patterns·manufacturing techniques etc. Buddhist art The Buddhist Art section consisted of 11 stories and 11 routes based on heritages and relics related to Korean Buddhist art and culture exchanges. Second, the research was made on the cultural exchange between Buddhist art from India and Korea, with the transformation and development in China, and the collection of each monument and excavated articles. Third, a total of 1,844 database exchanges between Buddhist architecture, Buddhist crafts, and Buddhist sculptures were produced based on the results. Crafts The craft part is first, consisted of 9 stories and 12 roots, grouped by period, type, and theme, with craft related to exchanges between Korea and China. Second, the related data were prepared by listiong the crafts discovered through local investigation in Korea and China, and by analyzing the related data and objects. Third, it will serve as the digital archive for Korean and Chinese crafts by deploying a total of 989 databases focusing on the fields of metal, lacquer and glass.

Expect Effect / Research Utilization

Painting The expected effects and use measures of the painting field are as follows. First, the influence relationships derived from exchanges between Korean and Chinese literary artists and painters were clearly stated so that the general public could easily understand them. For example, Kim Jeong-hee(金正喜), Weng Fang-gang(翁方綱), and Wang Shi-zhen(翁樹崑) were influential people by detailing the paintings and epigraph materials they exchanged with each other. Second, visualization of the actual location of the landscape between Korea and China is expected to contribute significantly to the future study of Korean painting history, as it will clarify the exchange relationship between the actual landscape and the landscape. For example, the Nine-Bend stream(九曲) of Wuyi Mountains(武夷山) in Fujian Province(福建省) and the Gosan(高山) and Hwayang Gugok(華陽九曲) that were managed on the Korean Peninsula were mapped so that one could see it at a glance. It will provide a foundation for studying geography and culture history, as well as research in painting history, and contribute to creating new cultural industries and content. Third, it will greatly help us to grasp the realities of cultural exchange between Korea and China in three dimensions. For example, the influence of mural paintings from Goguryeo(高句麗) in Korea and the Han(漢)·Wei·Qin, Liao-Jin(金) Dynasties tombs in China on the exchanges of between the two countries, is notarised and told in a storytelling. As a results, this will be told and talked about by the public easily. Fourth, the paintings related to Sahaeng(使行) toward will be catalogued to provide a new route for Korea and China in the 21st century by identifying the degree of detail and realism of cultural exchanges between the Joseon and Qing Dynasties. This is easily explained by the general public and content industry, and could be implemented as a new storytelling industry in the future. Fifth, visualization of saints, thought, etc. revealed in Korean and Chinese paintings will help clarify public understanding and provide important source of storytelling for the tourism, drama, film, and related content industries. Ceramics The expected effects and utilization measures of the ceramic sector are as follows. First, because the kiln sites of China are scattered across a large area and most of the cases were short of geographic information, we could not get exact image and information. Through this database process, collecting and organizing materials, such as exact location and excavated artifacts, will provide important information for future research on ceramics in Korea and China. Second, data on the kiln site, consumer, and relics in relation to the Korea-Chinese ceramic exchange routes will be more effective to understand the comprehensive Korea-Chinese cultural exchange, including ceramic related technological exchanges and human, material, and cultural exchanges. For example, Gang-jin in Korea and Wol-ju kiln in China which are the origin of Goryeo celadon and related stories, routes and database of the ceramics exchange between Korea and China will be used to explore the origin of trade and technology and seek new directions based on them, and build storytelling. Third, this ceramic database will greatly improve accessibility to Chinese pottery by explaining the Korean and Chinese pottery exchanges, as well as Chinese relics and historical objects in Korean easily to the general public. Therefore, it will help the general public to improve their affinity with Korea-Chinese pottery exchanges and have a better understanding of Chinese pottery. Fourth, this database will promote understanding most pottery including whole region and period of Korea and China, dishes, decorative containers, building materials, religious articles, and other various items. It will serve as a basic material for the production of modern practical ceramics and reproduction pottery. Fifth, it will develop new route of investigation and tourism through various routes and stories, including Goryeo and Joseon, land and sea, people and material, and trade and private trip. It is also a great source of interest to the general public by developing new routes for exploration and tourism through various routes, including Goryeo and Joseon, land and sea routes, human beings and physical objects, trade, and gambling. It will be an effective and practical guide to popularization of humanities. Buddhist art The expected effects and utilization measures in the Buddhist art field are as follows. First, the exchange patterns of Buddhist sculptures will be visualized into times and materials to help the production of research and cultural contents related to the field. For example, various Buddhist art exchanges, including the exchange routes between Buddha statue, Buddhist tombstone, and clay statues, were realized by exploring various historical sites and artifacts. This is expected to contribute greatly to identifying the exact aspects of exchange of Korean and Chinese art cultures as well as the exchange of Korean Buddhist art between China and Korea. Second, the most outstanding aspects of exchange of Buddhist art between regions will be presented as specific channels to aid the study of the local and contemporary countries. For example, it is difficult to conduct an actual survey on various parts of the site, including the Liaoning and Kirin in China to Pyongyang, Shingang, Gansu, Chinghai in China pagoda sites related to Gongju, after studying the details. Third, visualization of exchange patterns of Buddhist paintings would greatly help research not only on Buddhist art but also on painting history. For example, it will greatly contribute to the creation of cultural exchange research related to Korean Buddhist art by visualize the geographical exchange of Buddhist paintings between the sculpture of Dazu cave in Sichuan Province of China and the exchange of Buddhist paintings during the early Joseon Dynasty. It will also be utilized for developing new tourism resources and routes. Fourth, the exchange patterns of Buddhist scriptures and beliefs will be visualized through related artifacts to serve as a contribution to the Buddhist history, historical research, and cultural contents industries. For example, Zen Buddhism presented a specific route that had not previously been revealed through residential inspections by Korean and Chinese premieres and actual use inspections and database of historical materials. This will serve as a great source of diverse storytelling and related cultural industries by boosting the understanding of the general public, as well as those of Korean and Chinese Buddhists and Buddhist researchers. Crafts The expected effects and utilization measures for the crafts sector are as follows. First, lacquer ware is not only an expression of understanding about the importance of Korean and Chinese lacquer ware manufacturers in general research from the Tree Kingdoms period the Joseon Dynasty, but also an opportunity to present a wide range of special lacquerware materials related to Pyongyang, Buyeo, and Gyeongju. Second, the technical data on exchange routes and artifacts presented in this project with Korea and China will be effective in studying intangible cultural assets by reconsidering and expanding their perception of intangible cultural assets. Third, glass identified the origin of Korean and Chinese excavated crafts by detailing their techniques and deformities, which led to the identification of their propagation paths. This led to the discovery of their origin, not only the two countries but also the Asia as a whole. Also, glass craft route from Gyeongju to Rome will be used for exploration, tourism, and cultural industry. Fourth, metal crafts were designed to understand the appearance of production techniques and the characteristics of propagation of styles by detailing the features of gold, silver, copper, and iron products that were symbols of ancienty cultural exchange. For example, gold crown excavated from Gyeongju is easily understood by experts and the general public, with DB including data on Afghanistan, Russia, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning and Gyeongju. It will serve as an important source of cultural contents industries, including exploration of continental cultures that connects Korea, China, Russia and Central Asia, and Storytelling.

Project Name : Basic Research Support for Foundational Human/Social Science Researches
Research Title : Digital Map of Art and Cultural Exchanges between Korea and China [ KRM Task Information ]
Chief of Research :
Research Institution : KOREA UNIVERSITY
Research Period : 3 Years (SEPTEMBER 01, 2014 - AUGUST 31, 2017)