Introduction

Sungkyunkwan University's Arirang DB is a collection of various data related to Arirang that is spread around the world. Starting as a folk song, Arirang has been reinvented as a film, play, dance, popular song, brand name and image in contact with various media throughout its modern times. It has become a symbol of Korean identity. Arirang has spread around the world through the Korean Diaspora, including ethnic Koreans in China, Japan, and Russia and Central Asia. The Arirang DB is composed of the Arirang lyrics, media, interview, and videos on YouTube. DB provides the basic information of each Arirang, such as the type of song, characteristics of the song, singers, researchers, and regions. It also provides the stage information (date, place, researchers, village information, and the circumstances of singing a song), and the singer's name, age, gender and personal characteristics. The sound and video we collected were converted to mp3 and mp4 formats, respectively. And we made it possible for the sound and video to be played on the web with lyrics. The Media materials about Arirang are literary works, news articles, and records. Processing about 1000 literature works related to Arirang, the DB contained the names of works, genres, authors, year of publication, place of publication and other descriptive information of them. Processing about 4000 newspaper articles related to Arirang, the DB provides the article title, the reporter's name, the publication date, the newspaper name, the page, the type of page, and the type of article, and we have recorded an explanation for each of them. Processing Arirang music records, We divided them into those released in Korea before 1945, those released after 1945, 10-inch LP records, 12-inch LP records and Japanese SP records which were made in Japan. We made this list according to the times, country of origin and type of record. Various Arirang information and interviews have the characteristic of Arirang context. We explained the lyrics of Arirang, and created the data to explain the path it has followed, the path it has spread, the function of Arirang, personal relations with Arirang and the presence aspects of Arirang. We have listed Arirang in YouTube in categories such as its title, media, area, and type of Arirang, and have included the YouTube hyperlink in the database.

Expect Effect / Research Utilization

Arirang is spread all around the world. Arirang has become a symbol and song that represents the identity of not only South Korea but North Korea and the Korean Diaspora. First, the research team’s Arirang DB collected the entire contents of Arirang as a Korean folk song and a Korean song abroad in media, such as the music, broadcasting, and YouTube. We have collected and organized 27,696 Arirang lyrics (9,604 lyrics from fieldwork and 18,092 lyrics in literature research). Among them, 5,028 sound sources were found. In addition, we have constructed the database with lots of data related to Arirang: 1,142 literary works, 3,853 newspaper articles, 714 music albums, 78 interviews, and 8,014 contents on YouTube. We are confident that we have built the best Arirang DB in the country regarding both quality and quantity of its contents. So far, a complete list of Arirang’s overview of its transmission and recreation had not existed and the academic research system of Arirang had not been complete. Therefore, the research team constructed Arirang DB constructed, which will be a substantial foundation of establiching Arirang studies as a consilience study. It will also help promote the production of various cultural contents related to Arirang in the digital era by preserving and spreading its value. Secondly, the research team’s Arirang DB is not just a simple collection of collected data but it is equipped with systematic classification and interconnected search systems. Therefore, it presents the historical and present existence patterns of Arirang as a whole, and it produces new knowledge and discourse by arranging and searching contents. This database system is designed to link search and classification items to hierarchical classification systems of large and small, allowing for more various and creative data reconstruction. Therefore, the general public, as well as Arirang's researchers, can access the database, then re-allocate, combine, and retrieve data freely in the archives. It can create new trend and new meaning of Arirang. Third, access to related materials has been mostly available to certain groups of experts so far, compared to Arirang’s sociocultural and ethnic values. In addition, the cultural and artistic planning for Arirang’s transmission and recreation was based on limited sources. Therefore it was isolated and distributed, and it used to be an obstacle to preserving and expanding Arirang’s value. The Arirang database solved such problems, and make a system that anyone interested in Arirang's history and culture can access the source of Arirang and reproduce the meaning of it in a variety of ways. Arirang DB is equipped with a system to provide all information related to Arirang. It is significant that the DB combines the value of Arirang with digital media, so it becomes the actual basis to develop a new era of Arirang transmission, spread and recreation.

Project Name : Basic Research Support for Foundational Human/Social Science Researches
Research Title : Collecting Various Form and Style of Arirang which is an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and Constructing DB(database) related to Arirang on a Global Scale [ KRM Task Information ]
Chief of Research :
Research Institution : SUNGKYUNKWAN UNIVERSITY
Research Period : 3 Years (SEPTEMBER 01, 2014 - AUGUST 31, 2017)