Introduction

Traditional knowledge is 'knowledge about nature and society inherited from traditional customs of previous generations and gained through personal experiences'. It includes all traditionally transmitted system of knowledge. Since 2001, a discussion for the international protection of traditional knowledge has been going on by the intergovernmental committees of ‘World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO).’ In Korea, traditional knowledge database is now under construction at the initiative of ‘the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO)’, and the information retrieval service has been started in 2007. Amid these internal and external atmospheres, Research Center for Kangwon Mountainous Culture, Institute of Social Science in Kangwon National University, has collected traditional knowledges of 95 villages in 18 cities of Kangwon-do from September 2014 to August 2017 and arranged them into a database with the support of National Research Foundation of Korea. In the 'DB for Traditional Knowledge of Kangwon Mountainous Village', we classified collected date into 13 subjects based on '천지인(天地人, Cheon-Ji-In)' which are the elements that preside and constitute all creatures. Those related to forest, climate, playing, and faith are included into ‘천(天, sky),’ farming, livestock, hunting and gathering, into ‘지(地, earth),’ and folk therapy, food, clothing, shelter and rite, into ‘인(人, human).’ ‘The DB for Traditional Knowledge of Kangwon Mountainous Village' is a space exhibiting the traditional knowledge of the mountainous villagers of Kangwon-do visually. This will provide the primary basis for protection of Korean traditional knowledges internationally. Furthermore, by offering basic information on the study of traditional knowledge, it will contribute to the development of related disciplines, and will become a venue demonstrating the wisdom of ancestors to the public society.

Expect Effect / Research Utilization

It had transferred the traditional knowledges to datum classifying as 13 subjects based on '천지인(天地人, Cheon-Ji-In, 천[天, sky]: forest, climate, playing, and faith; 지[地, earth]: farming, livestock, hunting and gathering; 인[人, human]: folk therapy, food, clothing, shelter and rite.),’ and in each of administrative districts and rural areas in Kangwon-do. And it offers the information of mountains (forest, soil, altitude) to help understanding cultural maps of each regions.

Project Name : Basic Research Support for Foundational Human/Social Science Researches
Research Title : Culture Maps of Tradition Knowledge in Mountain Areas, Gangwon-do [ KRM Task Information ]
Chief of Research :
Research Institution : KANGWON NATIONAL UNIVERSITY
Research Period : 3 Years (SEPTEMBER 01, 2014 - AUGUST 31, 2017)